2021-04-22 - MOLKOÏ French Club - Online French Class - Beginner - Le Passé 2 sur 2 (The Past 2 of 2)

Goals: To Know How to Build and Use the Past in French

 

La date du jour

 

Aujourd’hui, nous sommes le jeudi vingt-deux avril deux mille vingt-et-un

= Today is Thursday, April 22, 2021

 

 

 

Notes et Vocabulaire

(Notes and Vocabulary)

 

se tromper = to make a mistake

doué(e) = gifted

il/elle a un “je ne sais quoi” = he/she has something special, he/she has that certain something

 

tu ne peux transformer un âne en cheval de course = you can’t turn a donkey into a race horse

 

j’ai toujours pensé que = I always thought that

 

 


 

Le Passé 2/2

(The Past 2/2)

 

Être et Avoir

des verbes (verbs)

—> des auxiliaires (auxiliaries)

 

“Être” or “Avoir” (in present tense)

  • “past participle”

= le passé composé (compound past)

 

Ex.: j’ai voyagé, il est parti.

Les Participes Passés (Past Participles):

 

  • … er —> é. Ex.: aller —> allé
  • … ir —> i. Ex: sortir —> sorti
  • … re —> u.

Ex: descendre —> descendu


 

Être:

 

The verbs using “Être” in compound past are:

 

  1. all reflexive verbs.

        Ex.: se laver (to take a shower) —> je me suis lavé(e).

 

 

  1. the following 14 verbs:

 

aller (to go)/venir (to come)

entrer (to enter)/sortir (to go out)

passer par (to pass by)/

retourner (to come back/to return)

monter (to go up)/descendre (to go down)

tomber (to fall)/rester (to stay)

arriver (to arrive)/partir (to leave/to depart)

naître (to be born)/mourir

je suis né(e) = I was born

 

la ville est morte en ce moment → adjectif

la ville est morte en 1925 → participe passé

 

devenir (to become), revenir (to come back), rentrer (to come back in/to come inside), other verbs with prefix “re”

—> “again” (ex.: repartir)

 

The past participle does match the subject.

 

Ex.: Mes parents sont venus me voir. (My parents came to see me.)

Here, “venus” match “mes parents”.

 

venir —> venu.

 

Avoir:

 

The past participle doesn’t match the subject.

It stays masculine, singular.

 

Ex.: John a donné un livre à Axel.

instead of:

John a donnée un livre à Axel